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Statistical techniques for detecting and validating phonesthemes

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Within Peirce's "theory of signs" the phonestheme is considered to be an "icon" rather than a "symbol" or an "index".

Phonesthemes are of critical interest to students of the internal structure of words because they appear to be a case where the internal structure of the word is non-compositional; i.e., a word with a phonestheme in it has other material in it that is not itself a morpheme.

Phonesthemes "fascinate some linguists," as Ben Zimmer has phrased it, in a process that can become "mystical" or "unscientific." For example, the English phonestheme "gl-" occurs in a large number of words relating to light or vision, like "glitter", "glisten", "glow", "gleam", "glare", "glint", "glimmer", "gloss", and so on; yet, despite this, the remainder of each word is not itself a phonestheme (i.e., a pairing of form and meaning); i.e., "-isten", "-ow", and "eam" do not make meaningful contributions to "glisten", "glow", and "gleam".

There are three main ways in which phonesthemes are empirically identified.

The first is through corpus studies, where the words of a language are subjected to statistical analysis, and the particular form-meaning pairing, or phonestheme, is shown to constitute a statistically unexpected distribution in the lexicon or not.

Comments Statistical techniques for detecting and validating phonesthemes

  • Statistical Techniques for Detecting and Validating Phonesthemes
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    Strength, strive 'compete strongly', strike, struggle, stretch, strain 'stretch violently', straight 'straight' that which is truly extended in length, strout 'swell be stretched as far as possible'. Thr. Thr points to violent motion for example throw 'throw out', thrust 'push violently', throng 'crowd together', throb 'beat violently' said of a.…

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    Aug 30, 2017. Statistical techniques for detecting and validating phonesthemes. It presents a small set of semantic features that can be identified with a high degree of confidence by a surprisingly simple process that has been overlooked. These features combine to form the structural framework of the meanings of words.…

  • Phonestheme - Wikipedia
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    The first is through corpus studies, where the words of a language are subjected to statistical analysis, and the particular form-meaning pairing, or phonestheme, is shown to constitute a statistically unexpected distribution in the lexicon or not. Corpus studies can inform a researcher about the current state of the lexicon.…

  • The phonestetics of blends A lexicographic study of. - Crisco
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    Manuscript, University of Florida, Gainesville. De Cuypere, Ludovic 2008. Limiting the iconic from the metatheoretical foundations to the creative possibilities of iconicity in language. Amsterdam-Philadelphia John Benjamins. Drellishak, Scott 2006. Statistical techniques for detecting and validating phonesthemes.…

  • Phonaesthemes A Corpus-Based Analysis - CSJ Archive
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    Task of phonaestheme detection than any previous method of which we are aware. At the same time, it is important to note that our method does not always validate the intuitions of previous authors. For example, we found statistical support for only 27 of the. 46 phonaesthemes Hutchins examined. One possible reason.…

  • The Two Meanings of Sound Symbolism - De Gruyter
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    Nov 5, 2017. 117–133. Drellishak, Scott 2006. Statistical Techniques for Detecting and Validating Phonesthemes. Seattle, WA. Elsen, Hilke 2008. Phantastische Namen. Die Namen in Science Fiction und Fantasy zwischen Arbitrarität und Wortbildung. Tübingen. Elsen, Hilke 2016. Einführung in die Lautsymbolik. Berlin.…