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Dating colonial buttons

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to sales listings for items offered for sale.

I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. / (star) " dm, single inner rings of dots, manufacture after the Civil War, this is abbreviated small size version of similar backmark with two rings used on large size buttons, (Waterbury Button Co 251). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units, southern wartime manufacture.

All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. This die pattern features a crudely designed dome, figure standing on the right, base of the structure seems to have vertical lines.

Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. Record of American Uniform and Historical Buttons, Bicentennial Edition, by Alphaeus H. Pictures are generally by the author, unless otherwise indicated, (21.6mm). SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW - YORK (dot)" rmdc, Scovill manufactured 1840s or 1850s, (Smith WH 110). Backmark: blank depressed channel, narrow flat area around shank with some variance of dimension, copper or brass wire shank, likely, (23.3mm).

This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only Most information on this page is from: Uniform Buttons of the United States 1776 - 1865, by Warren K. Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Button depicts a coiled snake with motto "Don't tread on me", this is the earliest Georgia state seal dating from the colonial period to about 1830. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units, southern wartime manufacture. Backmark: blank depressed narrow channel imperfectly formed, wide flat area around shank with some variance of dimension, copper wire shank, likely manufactured by Wildt, (blank southern manufacture 360). Backmark: blank depressed narrow channel imperfectly formed, wide flat area around shank with some variance of dimension, copper wire shank, likely manufactured by Wildt, (blank southern manufacture 360). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units, southern wartime manufacture.

This pattern is attributed to Chatham Artillery, although it could have been used by other Georgia units of the period. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)" rmdc on a stippled field, area around the shank is raised, Scovill manufacture 1840 - 1858, (Smith WH 100). Backmark: blank depressed rounded channel, narrow area around shank with some variance of dimension, depressed well usually around the shank, copper wire wire shank was fitted only and not brazed and is usually loose, likely the product of C Rouyer, New Orleans, (blank southern manufacture 340).

Chatham Artillery was an elite artillery unit, dating from the American Revolution, and they participated in the defense of Fort Pulaski during the Civil War. Button depicts a coiled snake with motto "Don't tread on me", this is the earliest Georgia state seal dating from the colonial period to about 1830. CO." dm no rings, made in small size only, these cuff or hat buttons were manufactured in the 1850s, rings or rmdc details used on the large size buttons were omitted as an abbreviation to fit the space, dots, spacing and punctuation may vary or be obliterated, Scovill apparently produced multiple copies of this die, (Scovill 700). (o is underlined) / (star) WATERBURY (star)" dm large letters inner ring of dots, no outer ring, manufactured after the Civil War, (Scovill 920). / WATERBURY." dm single inner ring of dots,no dividers, small letters, used in staff small buttons only, this is abbreviated version of Scovill series of dm with double rings used for 1860s staff coat buttons, (Scovill 801). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Two part convex button, coat size, crudely stamped and assembled southern "local", back is brass and not iron, shank was fitted and not brazed and will typically work loose., (21mm) .Backmark: "GILT / (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" rm ca 1810 to 1820's, possibly made by Armitage, (Gilt 100). This pattern is attributed to Chatham Artillery, although it could have been used by other Georgia units of the period. Three part officer staff button, coat size, (15mm). Backmark: blank back one piece white metal casting, integral shank with mold;seam running through the back and the shank, back is more or less flat, field cast buttons were probably made by blacksmiths or the soldiers themselves, (blank southern manufacture 132).Chatham Artillery was an elite artillery unit, dating from the American Revolution, and they participated in the defense of Fort Pulaski during the Civil War. Button depicts a coiled snake with motto "Don't tread on me", this is the earliest Georgia state seal dating from the colonial period to about 1830. Backmark: "DOUBLE / (dot) (star) (dot) GILT (dot) (star) (dot)" rm ca 1810 to 1820's, possibly made by Armitage, (Gilt 300). This pattern is attributed to Chatham Artillery, although it could have been used by other Georgia units of the period. " dm, only made in small size, probably made by Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Mintzer WG 150). Chatham Artillery was an elite artillery unit, dating from the American Revolution, and they participated in the defense of Fort Pulaski during the Civil War. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Backmark: "TREBLE / (star) (star) GILT (star) (star) " rm ca 1810 to 1820's, possibly made by Armitage, (Treble 100). Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm inner solid ring, used for small size staff buttons only, Scovill manufactured ca 1860, (Extra Quality by Scovill 140)., (23mm). MINTZER / (star) PHILA 1861 (dot)" rmdc on stippled field, may have been "back dated" to disguise sensitivity of supply from a northern producer to southern users, actual producer is probably Steel & Johnson, (Mintzer WG 120). Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice This die pattern with the figure standing on the left side was only made in small size. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia officers. Button depicts the state seal of Georgia, a dome bearing "Constitution" supported by three pillars, "Wisdom", "Justice", and "Moderation", intended for Georgia units. Backmark: "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / dot NY dot" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, (Horstmann 330). Backmark: "HORSTMANN & CO / dot N Y dot" dm, inner ring of rays, used in small size only, ca 1860, (Horstmann 331). Backmark: "HORSTMANN / (dot) NEW YORK (dot)" dm, small size only, Steele & Johnson manufactured for Horstmann ca 1860, (Horstmann 720). I am wondering if any "button experts" out there can help in a comparison of flat button details.Last night I dug the button on the left in the attached photo.It's a bit different than buttons I have dug at other sites in that it is thinner and marked "PLATED" instead of "GILT".

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